Glossary of advanced liposarcoma terms

Adapted from the National Cancer Institute dictionary of cancer terms.

The spread of cancer from where the cancer started to other places in the body.

A type of drug used to treat many types of cancer. Anthracyclines are designed to damage the DNA in cancer cells, causing them to die.

Treatment with drugs that are designed to kill cancer cells.

A condition or trait present at birth. It may be the result of genetic or nongenetic factors.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)
A line graph that shows changes in the electrical activity of the heart over time. It can show if there are abnormal conditions, such as blocked arteries. It is made by an instrument called an electrocardiograph.

A method of putting fluids, including drugs, into the bloodstream.

IV infusion
Intravenous infusion. A way of giving a drug or other substance through a needle or tube inserted in a vein.

A rare cancer of the fat cells.

A condition in which there is a lower-than-normal number of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell. "Febrile" neutropenia is neutropenia with the presence of fever.

Peripheral neuropathy
A nerve problem that causes pain, numbness, tingling, swelling, or muscle weakness in different parts of the body. Also called neuropathy.

The course of a disease, such as cancer, as it becomes worse or spreads in the body.

Soft tissue sarcoma
A type of cancer that forms in the soft tissues of the body, such as muscles, tendons, fat, blood vessels, or other supporting tissues in the body.

An abnormal mass of tissue that is the result of cells dividing more than they should, or cells not dying when they should. Tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

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